(Part 1 of 2)
2And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. (Gen 2:)
14Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people. (Ex 31:)
We, that is mankind, have a way of explaining anything we don't like away. We see this in Adam and Eve as they hid from the Lord and tried to make excuses as to why they disobeyed Him. God made His demands crystal clear, and He was in deadly earnest when He made His demands. But being human, we don't listen. Did Adam listen? Did he believe God? Well, if anyone should have believed God, it's Adam, because he was right there with Him from the beginning. So if Adam, our most perfect predecessor couldn't believe and follow directions, how on earth are we to be expected to do so here thousands of years away from this original event?
Also, we see our ability to explain away our actions and to think we can disobey and get away with it by watching any two year old. Even before that child commits his or her indiscretion he has his excuse all ready prepared. A child usually thinks his or her cuteness will get them off the hook. And sometimes it does. But when we grow older we should have recognized that our cuteness has worn off, especially to God. We are dust to God (Gen 3:7,19; Job 25:6; Isaiah 41:14; Psalm 22:6). But we like to think we're something special in His eyes, even though He has wiped out generations of His special people for doing less than we have done, and are planning on doing (Luke 14:3; Jer 44:10-12).
The verses at the top of the page sound to me very serious. I think of them in the same light as the words given Adam concerning an apple. Do I believe that Sabbath day worship is for us today? I've lived 70 years without giving it any thought or any credence. But the time has come that I think a study on the subject is warranted in order to find out what God has to say. What I will find I don't know. I'm in the middle of the teeter-totter at this point. But as I said earlier, the verses pointing to the import of the Sabbath, and the consequences that were paid by others who dismissed the command to keep the Sabbath holy, and lightly dismissed it, causes me to want to look a little deeper into the topic. And if you're a mind to, you can come on along.
When I conduct a study such as this one I like to spend a lot of time investigating what other people have to say about the subject I've undertaken. Unlike most people who study a subject, I don't stay within a doctrinal box hoping to learn what others say who already agree with me. In fact, where I learn the most is when I study the work of those who I expect will be least likely to support my precursory view. I find these people have conducted a great deal of research into areas I would have never even thought of or known about. Therefore I gain insight into those areas I would surely have missed had I set out on my own. Then, to round out my knowledge base on the subject at hand, I investigate what those on the extreme opposite end of the subject have come up with.
Interestingly, it appears that the center of almost all disagreement between the denominations centers around or is connected to this one subject, that of keeping the Sabbath. I have found articles, extensive articles, on everything from keeping the law of Moses to the mark of the beast hinging on this very subject, that of the Sabbath.
And, I might add, I have found more hot collars over this subject than just about any other I've researched.
The world at large is against the Christian, the church and the people attached to the churches. This is not a news flash, it's been known for many years, in fact, all the way back to Jesus. And it was Jesus who said it would be this way. Jesus said the Christian would be hated and persecuted. Listen to His Words:
1These things have I spoken unto you, that ye should not be offended. 2They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service. 3And these things will they do unto you, because they have not known the Father, nor me. 4But these things have I told you, that when the time shall come, ye may remember that I told you of them. (John 16:)
The Christian will be persecuted. And who did Jesus say will persecute the Christian? Did He say it's the world that will persecute them? Is it the world that chased Jesus down, constantly looking for something to nail Him with? Is it the world that daily expressed anger at Jesus? No, the world either had no opinion of Jesus at all, or they, like Herod, wanted to see Him in order to have a miracle performed for him. It was the brotherhood, the church of Jesus' day who wanted Jesus out of the way.
10Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 11Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake. (Mat 5:)
Do you want to bless someone? Do you want to make sure they receive rewards at your own expense? Then persecute them and say nasty things against them. Isn't this what Jesus said?
18If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before it hated you. 19If ye were of the world, the world would love his own: but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you. 20Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my saying, they will keep yours also. 21But all these things will they do unto you for my name's sake, because they know not him that sent me. (John 15:)
Take note: Jesus said He chose the Apostles out of the world. But they weren't Gentile unbelievers. They were common Jewish believers, on the same order as you and I. The world they were chosen out of was the church. Notice also that last verse: "because they know not Him that sent me." Who sent Jesus? Why, the Father, of course. So those who are doing the persecuting, casting accusations and condemnations, do not know the Father. Remember, I didn't say this, Jesus did.
1Judge not, that ye be not judged. 2For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again. 3And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye? 4Or how wilt thou say to thy brother, Let me pull out the mote out of thine eye; and, behold, a beam is in thine own eye? 5Thou hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of thine own eye; and then shalt thou see clearly to cast out the mote out of thy brother's eye. (Mat 7:)
Would you like to be judged harshly when you stand before the Great White Throne? Then go ahead and judge others harshly. Tell people they're going to hell and burn forever because they don't believe like you do. I'm sure that will get the Lord's attention. But I don't think He will be as likely to be watching where the finger is pointed as much as He will be watching who is doing the pointing. Of course we say: "But I'm just trying to set them straight so they will be on the right track." Or "They belong to a cult, so they don't count." What did Jesus say? Make sure you're securely on that narrow road before you try and get others to follow you (Mat 7:3-5). And if you think you're already firmly on that road, then I think you had better take a very hard look at the life of Paul, because as hard as he worked to stay on that road, he was never confident that he was doing all he should (1Cor 9:27; Phil 3:13; 1John 1:10; 4:20; Rev 21:8) until he was waiting to be executed (2Tim 4:6-8. Compare John 17:4). If you're one of those given to criticizing other Christians, then I strongly suggest you look up the verses above, and consider them as you would (and will) when you stand before the Throne.
GOD BREAKS HIS OWN RULES
One of the complications we encounter when trying to follow the rules that God wants us to follow is that He hides His meaning and His purposes (Psalm 104:29; Isaiah 45:15) in obscure verses (Isaiah 28:9-13; Ezek 14:9; 2Thes 2:11; Isaiah 66:4), in prophesies that flow through unrelated text (Zech 3:1-6; Ex 25:7-9; Psalm 22:all; Isaiah 7:13-16), in types and shadows (Col 2:17; Heb 8:5; 10:1), and in parables (Mat 13:10-13). Why has God spread His message to us throughout His Word? Is it to confuse us? Yes, it is to confuse those who wish to go their own way and not listen to what He has to tell us (Luke 8:18; John 8:43; Isaiah 66:4) which is observable in the myriads of contradictory doctrines in the church, all having proof verses from the same Bible, and often using the very same passages to prove their view.
God has hidden His Word from the disobedient. And if this is not confusing enough, He also apparently violates His own Word while expecting us not to. And God had Jesus, our example, violate the Sabbath law that He laid down for us. Meanwhile, if no other law, the Sabbath is one law the Pharisees and Scribes kept to the letter. How do we know God and Jesus violates the Sabbath? Well, we have this confession from Jesus: "16And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things on the sabbath day. 17But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work. 18Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God. 19Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise." (John 5:)
Why did Jesus violate the Sabbath? That is a question that is not part of this study, but if we're lucky, we might answer through researching the Scriptures that apply to the Sabbath.
The law of God is broken into several sections. There's the Ten Commandments that to this day even many Atheists accept as applicable, and that our justice system bases its laws upon. However, in trying to insist upon the validity of the Ten commandments we encounter the inclusion of the Sabbath observance. We want to enforce the nine commandments, and turn a blind eye to the one we don't want to accept or follow. Such a dilemma. How do we deal with such a situation? We ignore the Sabbath and pretend it's not there, or we say that law is no longer in effect -- the very same thing we do with the rest of the Words of God.
Besides the Ten Commandments we have a multitude of ordinances that obviously apply strictly to the Jews, and center around the Temple. These ordinances were obliterated with the Temple and with the destruction of Jerusalem since they had to be (three at least) celebrated in Zion. These ordinances the death of Jesus did away with. This everyone in the church accepts (I'm sure there are exceptions). These done-away with ordinances complicate the law since we, the church, do not know where to draw the line of departure. Did the cross do away with the Ten Commandments as well? If so, then we have no laws whatever, and it's no longer a sin to kill and to steal (just smoking and drinking and dancing will send one to hell in these latter days according to some). Because a large part of the law is clearly passé, and apply to the Jews only, many (if not most) churches try to shove the Sabbath observation into that dead category as well. That's awkward at its best, but awkwardness is a large part of doctrine-making, so we accept it with ease.
We now have the ordinances and the Ten commandments stuffed in a cubbyhole that we can control and dismiss. That cubbyhole, when tampered with, is slammed shut with the accusation that the tamperer is playing with the redeeming power of Jesus' death.
Sin is the reason for the law in the first place (Rom 3:19-20). Sin began with Adam and Eve, and all mankind has had to bear the consequences of their original sin. What do we do with Adam's sin? No problem, we tuck it neatly into that cubbyhole we've created. This is easy enough to do because there's plenty of evidence that Jesus covered that sin on the cross, and by his living a sinless life.
But we, you and I, do not live sinless lives. We're still under the law. But what law? Not the ordinances, if for no other reason than we are not Jews. How about the Ten commandments? What about the Sabbath if we continue to accept the validity of the Ten? No laws to be enforced (except dancing and smoking), but our sin still exists. Solution, we shove our sins, past, present and future, into that cubbyhole we've created. It's a tight fit, but with much effort, we can do it.
A thought: We've succeeded in cramming that cubbyhole full until it resembles an overstuffed suitcase. But what's going to happen when Jesus, who holds the key to the cubbyhole, opens it at Judgement?
We've successfully hidden our sins and the laws that apply to sin out of our sight. How effective or efficient we've been we will discover when it's too late to do anything about it. But what about the Spiritual laws? We no longer live in a physical Theocracy as did the Jews. We live in a Heavenly, Spiritual Kingdom where the Spirit of God lives and rules in us, and does not reside in a man-made structure (1Cor 6:19; Rom 7:14; 1Peter 2:5; Heb 12:21-23).
In this new Spiritual Kingdom the physical laws of the Jews, that were covered by physical priests, Temple and sacrifices, no longer apply. Because of this many of the churches teach that we are free from all law. However, Paul tells us in Romans 7 that we are under a Spiritual law, because the law itself is Spiritual. And (this is not Paul talking) if we are Spiritual, living in a Spiritual Kingdom, than we must fulfill a Spiritual law that is on a higher level than the one Moses taught, and the Jews followed (1Cor 2:13-15; 15:44-46; Heb 9:8-11). Jesus pointed this out to the Jews, but they were locked into their doctrines and traditions and couldn't see past them, just as we do today. Jesus said the bar has been raised on the law. It's not enough to avoid doing (works) what the law prohibits, in this new Kingdom, we must not even think of doing them (Prov 23:7; Mat 5:all).
The bar has been raised, not lowered to the ground as so many teach and believe (Heb 10:28-31).
Hopefully I've created a curiosity as to what God has to say about the Sabbath. Does it apply to you and me in these modern times? That's one question we need to ask before we look into the Word. But there's another question we must ask ourselves: Are we willing to follow what we discover? If we're determined to go our own way once we learn the truth (if we should discover that truth), then knowing the will of God will be of no value or purpose.
This said, let's look into the Word:
1Him that is weak in the faith receive ye, but not to doubtful disputations. 2For one believeth that he may eat all things: another, who is weak, eateth herbs. 3Let not him that eateth despise him that eateth not; and let not him which eateth not judge him that eateth: for God hath received him. 4Who art thou that judgest another man's servant? to his own master he standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be holden up: for God is able to make him stand. 5One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind. 6He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord; and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord he doth not regard it. He that eateth, eateth to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks. 7For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself. 8For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; and whether we die, we die unto the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord's. 9For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living. 10But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. 11For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God. 12So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God. 13Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge this rather, that no man put a stumblingblock or an occasion to fall in his brother's way. 14I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that there is nothing unclean of itself: but to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him it is unclean. 15But if thy brother be grieved with thy meat, now walkest thou not charitably. Destroy not him with thy meat, for whom Christ died. 16Let not then your good be evil spoken of: 17For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. 18For he that in these things serveth Christ is acceptable to God, and approved of men. 19Let us therefore follow after the things which make for peace, and things wherewith one may edify another. 20For meat destroy not the work of God. All things indeed are pure; but it is evil for that man who eateth with offence. 21It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor any thing whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended, or is made weak. 22Hast thou faith? have it to thyself before God. Happy is he that condemneth not himself in that thing which he alloweth. 23And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin. (Rom 14:)
Did you see anything in the above passage that said it is ok to criticize a brother in Christ? Did you see where Paul said it's ok to call a person a cult member and cast him aside as trash because he doesn't believe everything you do? If you did, please point it out to me because I missed it completely. As I read the above, we're not to set our brother (yes, "brother", even if that brother or sister is out of the will of God according to 2Thes 3:14-15) we should have it in mind to help the wayward brother, not cast him (or her) off.
6Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that walketh disorderly, and not after the tradition which he received of us......14And if any man obey not our word by this epistle, note that man, and have no company with him, that he may be ashamed. 15Yet count him not as an enemy, but admonish him as a brother. (2Thess 3:)
20If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar: for he that loveth not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he love God whom he hath not seen? 21And this commandment have we from him, That he who loveth God love his brother also. (1John 3:)
I find it, shall I say "interesting" that many, if not most of the articles I've seen have a delicate way of tippy-toeing around being seen as a critical critic by adding an addendum to their statement, sometimes repeating it often, stating that they hold nothing against the one they're calling a heathen and a fool, and doomed to hell forever (see Mat 5:22). They love them to death, they say. But they feel the need to set them straight. Oh yeah, that works for me. Will it work with God?
Now, for me, the information many of these articles and web sites present I am very thankful for. And I believe a lot of what they're saying is of much importance. I learn a lot from them, even those who kick me in the teeth (I need a good kick now and then). However, that information could have very easily been presented in a format where it wasn't a slam and an accusation, and it would have been much better received by those it's supposedly directed toward, that is, the one who is on the "wrong path." As it stands, the ones they're actually pleasing are those who already agree with what they're saying and want all the more stones to cast at those they despise and consider heathens and unredeemed.
8But the tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison. 9Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God. 10Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be. 11Doth a fountain send forth at the same place sweet water and bitter? 12Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so can no fountain both yield salt water and fresh. (James 3:)
Brother picking on brother. We have this in the world; children (and adults) picking on and tearing down those of their own family. But should supposedly "regenerated, born-again" people be doing the same? Isn't evidence that one is regenerated the fact that they no longer act like the unregenerated? Then why is there more stones cast in the church than there are outside the church? Why is there more backbiting and condemnation happening in the church than anywhere else? Could it possibly be because all those people who claim to be, and believe themselves to be, regenerated people have missed their connection somewhere along the line?
1It is reported commonly that there is fornication among you, and such fornication as is not so much as named among the Gentiles, that one should have his father's wife. 2And ye are puffed up, and have not rather mourned, that he that hath done this deed might be taken away from among you. 3For I verily, as absent in body, but present in spirit, have judged already, as though I were present, concerning him that hath so done this deed, 4In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when ye are gathered together, and my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ, 5To deliver such an one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. 6Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump? 7Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: 8Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. (1Cor 5:)
"Puffed up" means to be proud. We see two issues being discussed in the above passage. One is an issue we see increasingly in far too many of the old established churches, that of sin being proudly accepted and even proclaimed in the churches. This began with just a little leaven, an accepting, or at least a none-condemning of someone who is performing the act in question. Eventually the acceptance grew into a full-blown doctrine of adherence.
Along with this issue we see what appears to be Paul saying we should condemn and castigate the guilty party. Taken this way, which it would be so easy to do, those who broadcast their condemnations could easily be justified. But let's look at the next letter Paul wrote and see what else he had to say on the subject of sin in the church.
6Sufficient to such a man is this punishment, which was inflicted of many. 7So that contrariwise ye ought rather to forgive him, and comfort him, lest perhaps such a one should be swallowed up with overmuch sorrow. 8Wherefore I beseech you that ye would confirm your love toward him. 9For to this end also did I write, that I might know the proof of you, whether ye be obedient in all things. 10To whom ye forgive any thing, I forgive also: for if I forgave any thing, to whom I forgave it, for your sakes forgave I it in the person of Christ; 11LEST SATAN SHOULD GET AN ADVANTAGE OF US: for we are not ignorant of his devices (2Cor 2:).
Paul here says we're not ignorant of Satan's devices, but apparently Paul is wrong, because we are ignorant. If we weren't ignorant of Satan's devices, why do we continue doing the same things we're told not to do? Please take note of verse 11. Notice who it is Satan should get the advantage of if the proper actions are not taken. Is it the man who was cast out for committing sin? No, he has already been cast into Satan's clutches and been dealt with. Paul is concerned here with those in the church, that they do not fall into Satan's hand by not being forgiving.
Now, I know what you're going to say. You're thinking that it's different with you because you believe you're talking to someone who is not repentant because they're still not doing things your way. Well, maybe you're right. You can take that up with God at your judgement. But considering everything that's been given us as instruction as to how we're to behave toward others, I really don't think you've got much of a leg to stand on, if you'll pardon the metaphor.
And again, even if you are dead-on about a person's condition, and your life is so straight that you have the right to judge others; we are all in different places along the path we're on. Consider Peter: at one time he was the loud mouth know-it-all. Later he was the shrinking violet who had betrayed Jesus. And still later he was the leader of the greatest men who ever lived short of Jesus. Then there's Paul. Who would have thought this murder of God's people would be one of the leaders of that same group he was persecuting? It's God's show, not ours. We are to support, to preach. We are not to condemn or try and second-guess what God is doing in anyone's life, except maybe our own.
1There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. 2For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. 3For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: 4That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. 5For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. 6For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. 7Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. 8So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God. 9But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. (Rom 8:)
Notice how much effort is made to say that we are either in the flesh, that is "carnal" or we're in the Spirit. How might we know if we're in the Spirit and not carnal?
CARNAL: sarkikos From G4561; pertaining to flesh, that is, (by extension) bodily, temporal, or (by implication) animal, unregenerate: - carnal, fleshly.
I think it's pretty clear that carnal is not the same as Spiritual. Do you believe in a backslidden Christian who is now in the flesh and wants to stay there? Hmmm. I guess we'll see about that later as well.
Does any of what I've said above mean that I think anyone, or everyone is right and that's why we should refrain from criticizing them? Certainly not. But neither can you or I know for certain that our interpretation is the right one. We'll know that when we stand before our Lord in judgement. What we have to be careful of is that we watch our own steps carefully as we walk our chosen path, and that we place no stumbling stones in front of anyone else. That's the gist and the purpose of this extensive comment.
Why am I telling you all this? And why here under a study of the Sabbath day?
I think out of all the possible laws, topics and doctrines that is the hardest to prove one way or another, and the least important of the doctrines and laws, as far as the New Testament is concerned, that of Sabbath worship stands above all the others. Yet, it seems, this is the subject most people spend the most time on, both in trying to prove their point, and in condemning those who do not agree with them. This, on the surface, is odd to me. And I think it's just such attitudes as this taken on a subject that casts the greatest stumblingblock in front of those outside the church keeping them from entering. If those in the church are at each other's throats over the smallest of things, then why would a person want to join in? That is, unless such a person enjoys jumping in the ring with pro wrestlers or running with the bulls in Spain.
The world's cry is: "Why can't we just get along? That's the world's cry. Why can't it be the church's cry as well? Why do we, the church, create higher and higher walls, topped with barbed wire, between ourselves? We stand beside anyone not in our own denomination with side facing them, arms crossed tightly over our chest, and our nose in the air yelling "no!' And that's when we're showing our soft side. Yet, to those in the world, the acknowledged unredeemed, we willingly show compassion and acceptance, if we show them anything at all. Why is it that the most dangerous place to be is with a Christian of another denomination? Why is there more hate and Molotov coattails thrown on the "Christian" web sites, and that at other Christians, than there is almost anywhere else? I can't help but think of rival High School football teams, or gang wars when I browse the Christian web. There are times I'm almost embarrassed to be a part of such a display, even though my association is in name only, and not in attitude.
In psychiatry it is known that much of the bigotry and hate displayed by people is an attempt to prove that they, the person exhibiting such a behavior, is not part of what they are condemning. In order to make sure people of their own persuasion know they are solidly on their side, they throw the largest stones at those considered to be enemies or of no importance by his or her group, even if the perceived "enemy" is one of their own family or circle of friends. This is gang behavior. It should not be church behavior. Accepting a person for who they are, and as an equal does not mean we think they are right in their beliefs, not in secular life, nor in the church. Yet this is the fear experienced, that is, casual association might be mistaken for assimilation and participation. Ecumenicalism has added to this fear in that any association or acceptance of the supposed enemy is an acceptance of the world's attempt to blend the church into itself. Using the words of James, this ought not to be so.
We all know and acknowledge that Jesus is coming soon. We say we believe this, but why do we behave as if we don't? Why do we do everything the Bible tells us not to do, and not do what we're told we have to do?
I have a question for you, those who believe in more than a superficial religiosity. What's going to be your thoughts when God looks over your résumé, your track record in His little black book? How is He going to react when He reads what you've said to and about your brothers and sisters in Christ? How do you think He likes what you've published on the web? You may have you're facts as straight as an arrow. But how does it read? Let's consider the example Jesus left us. Did He condemn those not of His "denomination" or belief system, other than to condemn the actions of those who looked down their nose at others? We're told in Matthew 6:24 not to despise others, Mat 11:29 tells us that Jesus was meek and lowly of heart, and 1John 3:15 and Revelation 22:15 tells us that murders will not see eternal life. Who is a murderer? See again 1John 3:15, and realize that "hate" in the Greek means to "detest, persecute, love less." So those of you who have a problem with despising, I would suggest you look in the mirror when you feel the urge to look down your nose at someone, because you can keep all your Sabbaths to the "nth" degree, and still find yourself outside the gate when it comes time for handing out rewards. Isaiah 53:3 tells us that Jesus was despised. And Luke 10:16 tells us that to despise the brother or sister (see Matthew 12:50) is to despise Jesus and the Father Who sent Him.
18Pride goeth before destruction, and an haughty spirit before a fall. (Prov 16:)
12Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. (1Cor 10:)
13But go ye and learn what that meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: (Mat 9:)
1Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth. 2And if any man think that he knoweth any thing, he knoweth nothing yet as he ought to know. 3But if any man love God, the same is known of him. (1Cor 8:)
2Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ. 3For if a man think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself. 4But let every man prove his own work, and then shall he have rejoicing in himself alone, and not in another. 5For every man shall bear his own burden. 6Let him that is taught in the word communicate unto him that teacheth in all good things. 7Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. (Gal 6:)
"You have no room to talk" you might easily say to me. "You're writings are more condemning of more people and more churches than any of the others. Where do you get off teaching others how they should think?"
This is true. In fact much or most of my writings are an attempt to expose and identify errors I see in the churches, and in people's lives. And in fact I have no room to talk because I am as much or more guilty of doing wrong, in every area, than is just about everyone else. I have no room to talk, and it's the fact that I have no room to talk that gives me the authority to say what I see. I have nothing to prove or to gain, either from writing or from anybody's change or lack of change because of my writings. I'm not defending any church or doctrine or person. Nor am I condemning any church or person. I attack doctrines. Every doctrine, because in my mind they're all wrong. I'm not playing favorites, which means I'm not gaining approval from anyone, except, hopefully God ("44How can ye believe, which receive honour one of another, and seek not the honour that cometh from God only?" (John 5:)
I have no room to talk, therefore, as I've said so many times before: Take what I say with a grain of salt. If you find a bit of help from it, I'm glad. If not, and you think it's a bunch of baloney, that's ok too. I'm just glad you read it and maybe even considered what I've written. That's all I've ever asked.
Just something to think about. Now, on with the study:
1Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. 2And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. (Gen 2:)
1And God spake all these words, saying, 2I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 3Thou shalt have no other gods before me. 4Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: [Why, I wonder, doesn't this commandment ever come into question? If it did, there would be no TV, no computers, no posters on the wall, no knick-knack shelves, and no cereal boxes or even illustrated Bibles. Have you ever seen a house void of such as these? Remember, even the Tabernacle had pomegranates, palm trees, and cherubim (statues in fact) in it, and Solomon's Temple had 12 huge oxen statues in the courtyard. And Moses held up a staff with a serpent carved on it. Does it make you wonder at all? Remember, if we're going to keep the law, we have to keep the whole law!] 5Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; 6And showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments. 7Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. [Vain means "falsely or uselessly." 36But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment. 37For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned. (Mat 12:)] 8Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 10But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 11For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
12Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. 13Thou shalt not kill. 14Thou shalt not commit adultery. 15Thou shalt not steal. 16Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. 17Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.
[36Master, which is the great commandment in the law? 37Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. 38This is the first and great commandment. 39And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 40On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets. (Mat 22:)] ....18And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off. 19And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die. 20And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not. 21And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was. (Ex 20:8-24)
4Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no. 5And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.... 17And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less. 18And when they did mete it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating. 19And Moses said, Let no man leave of it till the morning. [Acts 4:27-32; Luke 18:22] 20Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Moses was wroth with them. 21And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.
22And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. 23And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning [1Tim 6:18-19]. 24And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein. 25And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field. 26Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none. 27And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none. 28And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws? 29See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day. 30So the people rested on the seventh day. (Ex 16:5-33) (see also Ezek 20:12-15 , 26)
12And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 13Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you. [Isaiah 5:26-30; Mat 24:31; Rev 7:1; Joel 2:1-11; Luke 11:29-31; 2:12; Isaiah 7:14; 55:13. Note: Is it possible that God has given us, the Church, a new sign as part of the New Covenant as He gave the Sabbath to the Jews as a sign? Something to think about] 14Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people. 15Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. 16Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant. 17It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: [See Romans 9:6-8 for applicable adaptation.] for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed. 18And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God. (Ex 31:13-)
[6Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel: 7Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called. 8That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. (Rom 9:)]
13And the blood shall be to you for a token [Token means "sign, mark, signal." See Gen 9:12-13. Getting any ideas?] upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. 14And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever. 15Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel. 16And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you. 17And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever. 18In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even. 19Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land. 20Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread. (Ex 12:15)
[The preceding passage is not strictly a Sabbath observance in the sense of modern observation, which this study is about. But Sabbath (Shabbâth) means "intermission, rest, cessation" and the yearly feasts were also considered Sabbaths. So, in order to make this study as complete as possible, I am including these Sabbaths as well.]
1And Moses gathered all the congregation of the children of Israel together, and said unto them, These are the words which the LORD hath commanded, that ye should do them. 2Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the LORD: whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death. 3Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day. (Ex 35:2)
10And six years thou shalt sow thy land, and shalt gather in the fruits thereof: 11But the seventh year thou shalt let it rest and lie still; that the poor of thy people may eat: and what they leave the beasts of the field shall eat. In like manner thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, and with thy oliveyard. 12Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed. 13And in all things that I have said unto you be circumspect: and make no mention of the name of other gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth. 14Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year. 15Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:) 16And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field. 17Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the Lord GOD. (Ex 23:1-27)
1Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them. 2If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. 3If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him. 4If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself. 5And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free: 6Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an awl; and he shall serve him for ever. (Ex 21:2)
[1Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage (Gal 5:)
19What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? 20For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's. (1Cor 6:)]
18The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt. 19All that openeth the matrix is mine; and every firstling among thy cattle, whether ox or sheep, that is male. 20But the firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb: and if thou redeem him not, then shalt thou break his neck. All the firstborn of thy sons thou shalt redeem. And none shall appear before me empty. 21Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest. 22And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end. 23Thrice in the year shall all your men children appear before the Lord GOD, the God of Israel. (Ex 34:21)
6I am the LORD thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage. 7Thou shalt have none other gods before me. 8Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters beneath the earth: 9Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me, 10And showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me and keep my commandments. 11Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain: for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. 12Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee. 13Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work: 14But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou. 15And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the LORD thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the LORD thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day. (Deut 5:12-15)
9And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, which bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and unto all the elders of Israel. 10And Moses commanded them, saying, At the end of every seven years, in the solemnity of the year of release, in the feast of tabernacles, 11When all Israel is come to appear before the LORD thy God in the place which he shall choose, thou shalt read this law before all Israel in their hearing. 12Gather the people together, men, and women, and children, and thy stranger that is within thy gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear the LORD your God, and observe to do all the words of this law: 13And that their children, which have not known any thing, may hear, and learn to fear the LORD your God, as long as ye live in the land whither ye go over Jordan to possess it. (Deut 31:)
1And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you.......7And ye shall have on the tenth day of this seventh month an holy convocation; and ye shall afflict your souls: ye shall not do any work therein:... .12And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work, and ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days. (Num 29:-)
32And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day. 33And they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation. 34And they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to him. 35And the LORD said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp. 36And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded Moses. (Num 15:)
1Now Jericho was straitly shut up because of the children of Israel: none went out, and none came in. 2And the LORD said unto Joshua, See, I have given into thine hand Jericho, and the king thereof, and the mighty men of valour. 3And ye shall compass the city, all ye men of war, and go round about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days. 4And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets. 5And it shall come to pass, that when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, and when ye hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall ascend up every man straight before him. (Josh 6:4)
[Note: See Rev 8:1-6,13]
1And Joshua rose early in the morning; and they removed from Shittim, and came to Jordan, he and all the children of Israel, and lodged there before they passed over. 2And it came to pass after three days, that the officers went through the host; 3And they commanded the people, saying, When ye see the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God, and the priests the Levites bearing it, then ye shall remove from your place, and go after it. 4Yet there shall be a space between you and it, about two thousand cubits by measure: [Note: For all you scholars interested in the study of types and shadows. Two thousand cubits, between the ark of the covenant, which is recognized to symbolize Jesus, and the chosen people of God who will follow over Jordan into the promised land. The Tabernacle, which the priests were also carrying, housed a room, the Holy Place which preceded the Holy of Holies, before the Vail, measured 20 cubits by ten cubits by ten cubits, or, 2,000 cubic cubits. Mean anything to you?], come not near unto it, that ye may know the way by which ye must go: for ye have not passed this way heretofore. 5And Joshua said unto the people, Sanctify yourselves: for to morrow the LORD will do wonders among you. 6And Joshua spake unto the priests, saying, Take up the ark of the covenant, and pass over BEFORE the people. And they took up the ark of the covenant, and went before the people. (Josh 3:)
1And Solomon determined to build an house for the name of the LORD, and an house for his kingdom. 2And Solomon told out threescore and ten thousand men to bear burdens, and fourscore thousand to hew in the mountain, and three thousand and six hundred to oversee them. 3And Solomon sent to Huram the king of Tyre, saying, As thou didst deal with David my father, and didst send him cedars to build him an house to dwell therein, even so deal with me. 4Behold, I build an house to the name of the LORD my God [Heb 3:6; 1Peter 2:1-2; 4:17], to dedicate it to him [Rom 12:1; 1Peter 2:5] , and to burn before him sweet incense [Heb 13:15; Rev 5:8] , and for the continual showbread [Showbread means "proposal, setting forth, exposed before God." See Heb 13:15; James 5:16; Rom 10:10-11; Mat 10:32], and for the burnt offerings morning and evening [1Cor 15:31; Luke 9:23], on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts of the LORD our God. This is an ordinance for ever to Israel. 5And the house which I build is great: for great is our God above all gods. 6But who is able to build him an house, seeing the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain him? who am I then, that I should build him an house, save only to burn sacrifice before him? (2Chron 2:4)
21To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years. (2Chron 36:21
[Rev 11:18: Ezek 36:5. Israel is God's land, and He values it very much. He brought the Jews to His land as caretakers, and that's why He gave them laws which protected His land. The Jews violated those laws and let the land go bad, just as we did this country, and caused the dust bowl and all the other problems on the earth, polluting every aspect of God's creation. Adam was created for,, and given instructions to care for the earth (Gen 2:5, 15) Adam was selfish and did not follow God's instructions, and the Jew, as have we. John 3:16, that's used to show how God loves the people of the world. Not to diminish God's love, this verse is not talking about people (people are referred to as "ornaments" on the world, which, of course is part of the world and creation as wel)l. The Greek word used is "cosmos," and I think most people would understand that cosmos means the universe. God so loved the world, His creation, that we're to care for, and we're not. He's wiped the Jews off His land and left it barren, and He's going to wipe out the world and let it refresh itself so those who are living for God will have what God intended in the first place. (2Peter 3:11-13; Rev 21:1. Earth means "country, ground world; including its inhabitants.)]
17And refused to obey, neither were mindful of thy wonders that thou didst among them; but hardened their necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage: but thou art a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not. 18Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, and said, This is thy God that brought thee up out of Egypt, and had wrought great provocations; 19Yet thou in thy manifold mercies forsookest them not in the wilderness: the pillar of the cloud departed not from them by day, to lead them in the way; neither the pillar of fire by night, to show them light [Rev 10:1; 3:12; Rom 10:15], and the way wherein they should go. 20Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them [John 14:26], and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.......26Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great provocations. 27Therefore thou deliveredst them into the hand of their enemies, who vexed them: and in the time of their trouble, when they cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and according to thy manifold mercies thou gavest them saviours, who saved them out of the hand of their enemies. 28But after they had rest, they did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their enemies [1Cor 10:12; 2Peter 3:17; Luke 18:25 "Rich" is from a word that means "abundance, fullness." A person can have very little, but if he is comfortable with what he has, he could be considered as "full" because he is not empty. Maybe "comfortable" would fit this word, as the Jews were comfortable when they fell away.], so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and many times didst thou deliver them according to thy mercies; 29And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them;) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear. [This is a regular pattern with the Jews, as it is with us, like a yo-yo. The Jews knew they had to confess and repent however, even after many period of punishment. We, most of us Christians, never learn this because we've never been taught.] (Neh 9:14)
17Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them, What evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the sabbath day? 18Did not your fathers thus, and did not our God bring all this evil upon us, and upon this city? yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel by profaning the sabbath. 19And it came to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark before the sabbath, I commanded that the gates should be shut, and charged that they should not be opened till after the sabbath: and some of my servants set I at the gates, that there should no burden be brought in on the sabbath day. 20So the merchants and sellers of all kind of ware lodged without Jerusalem once or twice. 21Then I testified against them, and said unto them, Why lodge ye about the wall? if ye do so again, I will lay hands on you. From that time forth came they no more on the sabbath. [Mat 21:12-13] 22And I commanded the Levites that they should cleanse themselves, and that they should come and keep the gates, to sanctify the sabbath day. Remember me, O my God, concerning this also, and spare me according to the greatness of thy mercy. (Neh 13:16-21)
28And the rest of the people, the priests, the Levites, the porters, the singers, the Nethinims, and all they that had separated themselves from the people of the lands unto the law of God, their wives, their sons, and their daughters, every one having knowledge, and having understanding; 29They clave to their brethren, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in God's law, which was given by Moses the servant of God, and to observe and do all the commandments of the LORD our Lord, and his judgments and his statutes [John 8:31-32]; 30And that we would not give our daughters unto the people of the land, nor take their daughters for our sons: 31And if the people of the land bring ware or any victuals on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the sabbath, or on the holy day: and that we would leave the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt. (Neh 10:31)
8he hath not withdrawn his hand from destroying: therefore he made the rampart and the wall to lament; they languished together. 9Her gates are sunk into the ground; he hath destroyed and broken her bars: her king and her princes are among the Gentiles: the law is no more; her prophets also find no vision from the LORD. (Lam 2:6)
13If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words: 14Then shalt thou delight thyself in the LORD; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it. (Isaiah 58:)
10Hear the word of the LORD, ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah. 11To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats. 12When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts? 13Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting. 14Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear them. 15And when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: [Prov 15:8] your hands are full of blood. (Isaiah 1:13)
1Thus saith the LORD, Keep ye judgment, and do justice: for my salvation is near to come, and my righteousness to be revealed. 2Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.
3Neither let the son of the stranger, that hath joined himself to the LORD, speak, saying, The LORD hath utterly separated me from his people: neither let the eunuch say, Behold, I am a dry tree. 4For thus saith the LORD unto the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, and choose the things that please me, and take hold of my covenant; 5Even unto them will I give in mine house and within my walls a place and a name [John 14:2; Rev 3:12] better than of sons and of daughters: I will give them an everlasting name, that shall not be cut off. 6Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to the LORD, to serve him, and to love the name of the LORD, to be his servants, every one that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant; 7Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer [Mark 11:17] for all people. 8The Lord GOD which gathereth the outcasts of Israel saith, Yet will I gather others to him, beside those that are gathered unto him. (Isaiah 56:8)
1The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; 2To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn; 3To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified. (Isaiah 61:2)
19Thus said the LORD unto me; Go and stand in the gate of the children of the people, whereby the kings of Judah come in, and by the which they go out, and in all the gates of Jerusalem; 20And say unto them, Hear ye the word of the LORD, ye kings of Judah, and all Judah, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, that enter in by these gates: 21Thus saith the LORD; Take heed to yourselves, and bear no burden on the sabbath day, nor bring it in by the gates of Jerusalem; 22Neither carry forth a burden out of your houses on the sabbath day, neither do ye any work, but hallow ye the sabbath day, as I commanded your fathers. 23But they obeyed not, neither inclined their ear, but made their neck stiff, that they might not hear, nor receive instruction. 24And it shall come to pass, if ye diligently hearken unto me, saith the LORD, to bring in no burden through the gates of this city on the sabbath day, but hallow the sabbath day, to do no work therein; 25Then shall there enter into the gates of this city kings and princes sitting upon the throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, they, and their princes, the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem: and this city shall remain for ever [Rev 21:24-26]. 26And they shall come from the cities of Judah, and from the places about Jerusalem, and from the land of Benjamin, and from the plain, and from the mountains, and from the south, bringing burnt offerings, and sacrifices, and meat offerings, and incense, and bringing sacrifices of praise, unto the house of the LORD. 27But if ye will not hearken unto me to hallow the sabbath day, and not to bear a burden, even entering in at the gates of Jerusalem on the sabbath day; then will I kindle a fire in the gates thereof [Luke 12:49], and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem, and it shall not be quenched [Mark 9:43-48]. (Jer 17:21-)
1Thus saith the Lord GOD; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened. 2And the prince shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate without, and shall stand by the post of the gate, and the priests shall prepare his burnt offering and his peace offerings, and he shall worship at the threshold of the gate: then he shall go forth; but the gate shall not be shut until the evening. 3Likewise the people of the land shall worship at the door of this gate before the LORD in the sabbaths and in the new moons. 4And the burnt offering that the prince shall offer unto the LORD in the sabbath day shall be six lambs without blemish, and a ram without blemish. (Ezek 46:1-20)
38Moreover this they have done unto me: they have defiled my sanctuary in the same day, and have profaned my sabbaths. 39For when they had slain their children to their idols, then they came the same day into my sanctuary to profane it; and, lo, thus have they done in the midst of mine house. (Ezek 23:38)
8Shall not the land tremble for this, and every one mourn that dwelleth therein? and it shall rise up wholly as a flood; and it shall be cast out and drowned, as by the flood of Egypt. 9And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord GOD, that I will cause the sun to go down at noon, and I will darken the earth in the clear day: 10And I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs into lamentation; and I will bring up sackcloth upon all loins, and baldness upon every head; and I will make it as the mourning of an only son, and the end thereof as a bitter day. (Amos 8:5)
61And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, sitting over against the sepulchre. 62Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, 63Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. 64Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first. (Mat 27:62)
1In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre..... 6He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay. (Mat 28:1-7)
1At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungered, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat. 2But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day. 3But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungered, and they that were with him; 4How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the showbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests? 5Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless? 6But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple. 7But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice [Hosea 6:6], ye would not have condemned the guiltless. 8For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day. 9And when he was departed thence, he went into their synagogue: 10And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days? that they might accuse him. 11And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out? 12How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days. 13Then saith he to the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it forth; and it was restored whole, like as the other. (Mat 12:1-13)
1And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him. 2And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun. 3And they said among themselves, Who shall roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulchre?......9Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils. 10And she went and told them that had been with him, as they mourned and wept. 11And they, when they had heard that he was alive, and had been seen of her, believed not. 12After that he appeared in another form unto two of them, as they walked, and went into the country. 13And they went and told it unto the residue: neither believed they them. (Mark 16:)
42And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, 43Joseph of Arimathaea, an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus. (Mark 15:42)
1And he went out from thence, and came into his own country; and his disciples follow him. 2And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying, From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom is this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are wrought by his hands? 3Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him. 4But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, but in his own country, and among his own kin, and in his own house. 5And he could there do no mighty work, save that he laid his hands upon a few sick folk, and healed them. 6And he marvelled because of their unbelief. And he went round about the villages, teaching. (Mark 6:2)
1After two days was the feast of the passover, and of unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put him to death. 2But they said, Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar of the people. 3And being in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an alabaster box of ointment of spikenard very precious; and she brake the box, and poured it on his head........ 10And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went unto the chief priests, to betray him unto them. 11And when they heard it, they were glad, and promised to give him money. And he sought how he might conveniently betray him. (Mark 14:1-5)
14Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, 15And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel. 16Now as he walked by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew his brother casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. 17And Jesus said unto them, Come ye after me, and I will make you to become fishers of men. 18And straightway they forsook their nets, and followed him. 19And when he had gone a little further thence, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who also were in the ship mending their nets. 20And straightway he called them: and they left their father Zebedee in the ship with the hired servants, and went after him. 21And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught. 22And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes. (Mark 1:21-22)
50And, behold, there was a man named Joseph, a counsellor; and he was a good man, and a just: 51(The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) he was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God. 52This man went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. 53And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid. 54And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on. 55And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid. 56And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment. (Luke 23:54-)
14And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about. 15And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all. 16And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read. 17And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, 18The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, 19To preach the acceptable year of the Lord. 20And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him. 21And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.......28And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath, 29And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong. 30But he passing through the midst of them went his way, (Luke 4:16,31)
10And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath. 11And, behold, there was a woman which had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and could in no wise lift up herself. 12And when Jesus saw her, he called her to him, and said unto her, Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity. 13And he laid his hands on her: and immediately she was made straight, and glorified God. 14And the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because that Jesus had healed on the sabbath day, and said unto the people, There are six days in which men ought to work: in them therefore come and be healed, and not on the sabbath day. 15The Lord then answered him, and said, Thou hypocrite, doth not each one of you on the sabbath loose his ox or his ass from the stall, and lead him away to watering? 16And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day? 17And when he had said these things, all his adversaries were ashamed [Disgraced, put to blush]: and all the people rejoiced for all the glorious things that were done by him. (Luke 13:10-17:)
27Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home. 28After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. 29Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth. 30When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
31The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. 32Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. 33But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs: 34But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water. 35And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe. 36For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken. 37And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced. (John 19:31)
14Now about the midst of the feast Jesus went up into the temple, and taught...... 19Did not Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keepeth the law? Why go ye about to kill me? 20The people answered and said, Thou hast a devil: who goeth about to kill thee?
37In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. 38He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. 39(But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)........ 50Nicodemus saith unto them, (he that came to Jesus by night, being one of them,) 51Doth our law judge any man, before it hear him, and know what he doeth? 52They answered and said unto him, Art thou also of Galilee? Search, and look: for out of Galilee ariseth no prophet. 53And every man went unto his own house. (John 7:21-24:)
13They brought to the Pharisees him that aforetime was blind. 14And it was the sabbath day when Jesus made the clay, and opened his eyes. 15Then again the Pharisees also asked him how he had received his sight. He said unto them, He put clay upon mine eyes, and I washed, and do see. 16Therefore said some of the Pharisees, This man is not of God, because he keepeth not the sabbath day. Others said, How can a man that is a sinner do such miracles? And there was a division among them. (John 9:14)
1After this there was a feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 2Now there is at Jerusalem by the sheep market a pool, which is called in the Hebrew tongue Bethesda, having five porches. 3In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the water....... 8Jesus saith unto him, Rise, take up thy bed, and walk. 9And immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked: and on the same day was the sabbath. 10The Jews therefore said unto him that was cured, It is the sabbath day: it is not lawful for thee to carry thy bed...... 16And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things on the sabbath day. (John 5:5-14:)
1The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.....19Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.......Receive ye the Holy Ghost: 23Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained......26And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you. (John 20:-)
9And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight. 10And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; 11Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.
12Then returned they unto Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is from Jerusalem a sabbath day's journey. (Acts 1:12)
21For Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every sabbath day. (Acts 15:21)
13And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted thither. (Acts 16:)
1Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a synagogue of the Jews: 2And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures, (Acts 17:2)
4And he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks....., and blasphemed, he shook his raiment, and said unto them, Your blood be upon your own heads; I am clean: from henceforth I will go unto the Gentiles. (Acts 18:4)
7And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight......11When he therefore was come up again, and had broken bread, and eaten, and talked a long while, even till break of day, so he departed. 12And they brought the young man alive, and were not a little comforted. (Acts 20:)
2Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come. (1Cor 16:2)
16Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: 17Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. 18Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind, 19And not holding the Head, from which all the body by joints and bands having nourishment ministered, and knit together, increaseth with the increase of God. 20Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances, 21(Touch not; taste not; handle not; 22Which all are to perish with the using;) after the commandments and doctrines of men? 23Which things have indeed a show of wisdom in will worship, and humility, and neglecting of the body; not in any honour to the satisfying of the flesh. (Col 2:16)
3For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. 4For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. 5And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest. 6Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: 7Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. 8For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. 9There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. 10For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his. (Heb 4:4)
9I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ. 10I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, (Rev 1:1-12)
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